Borra Caves – Vizag


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About Borra Caves

The native name for the caves is Borra Guhalu. Where Borra means abdomen in Telugu language and guhalu means caves in Telugu language caves were discovered in 1807, by William King George of the Geological Survey of India.

The Gosthani River, which originates from these caves and flows between the solidified stalactites and stalagmites in the karstic limestones formation, is the cause for the development of the odd shapes of structures. Water percolating from the roof of the caves dissolve limestone and trickle drop by drop to form stalactites at the roof of the cave and then dripping down to the ground form stalagmites. These deposits have developed into interesting forms and structures inside the caves such as Shiva–Parvati, Mother-Child, Rishi’s beard, human brain, mushrooms, crocodile, temple, church, etc. These shapes have captured the imagination of tourists, while some have been given religious interpretations.

On the discovery of the caves, there are several legends, which the tribals who inhabit the villages around the caves narrate. The popular legend is that a cow, grazing on the top of the caves, dropped 60 m (200 ft) through a hole in the roof. The cowherd while searching for the cow came across the caves. He found a stone inside the cave that resembled a Lingam, which he interpreted as Lord Shiva who protected the cow. The village folk who heard the story believed it and since then they have built a small temple for Lord Shiva outside the cave. People flock to the temple for worship and the cave to get a glimpse of the Lingam.

Worship of Stalagmite Lingam inside the Borra Caves

Another lyrical legend is that the Shiva Lingam representing the Hindu God Lord Shiva is found deep in the caves and above which is a stone formation of a cow (Sanskrit: Kamadhenu). It is surmised that the udder of this cow is the source of the Gosthani (Sanskrit: Cow’s udder) River which originates from here, flows through Vizianagram and Visakhapatnam districts before emptying into the Bay of Bengal near Bheemunipatnam.

The fauna observed in the caves are predominantly bats, as well as the golden gecko. The type of bat reported is the fulvous fruit bat a species that roosts in large caves, old buildings, dungeons, and dark areas of old forts. This species has short and slender musculature with large, well-developed eyes. They feed on flowers and fruits, particularly Jamun, guava, silk, cotton, and mango.

Borra Caves

Timings to visit Borra Caves

10:00 AM – 05:00 PM

Entry fee to visit Borra Caves
3Phone Camera25/-
4Digital/Still Camera100/-
5Video Camera100/-

Duration to visit

3 hrs

How to reach Borra Caves

By Air: Visakhapatnam Airport – 76 km

By Train: Vishakapatnam – 90 km

By Bus: Vizag – 98 km


Borra Caves, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, 531149, India.

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Borra Caves Map


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