About Patna Museum
The Patna Museum in Mughal and Rajput architecture is known locally as the Jadu Ghar.
The British constructed the museum to conserve and display the historical artifacts found in the vicinity of the state capital. The concept of having a museum arose in 1912 after Bihar and Bengal were separated. Patna Museum started functioning in 1915 from the commissioner’s bungalow, on the campus of A. N. Sinha Institute.
The artifacts were then shifted to new rooms at the Patna High Court building before being taken to the present building in 1929. The land that was selected for the museum, in 1925, was on Patna-Gaya road (now Budh Marg). The two-storeyed building, designed by Rai Bahadur Bishnu Swarup, was completed in 1928. It was opened as the first museum of Bihar and Orissa Province by then Governor of Bihar and Orissa, Sir Hugh Lansdown Stephenson.
Items on display in the multipurpose museum include archaeological objects, coins, art objects, paintings, instruments, textiles, paintings, thankas, bronze images, and sculptures, and terra cotta images by Hindu and Buddhist artists.
The fossil of a tree said to be more than 200 million years old is on display, as is a casket — unearthed in 1958 by archaeologist, A. S. Altekar, at the Relic Stupa of Vaishali — said to contain the sacred ashes (relics) of Gautama Buddha. A Didarganj Yakshi statue, discovered on a Ganges riverbank in 1917, was the museum’s most prized collection, which was later shifted to Bihar Museum. The artifacts from the ancient Indian era to 1764 are kept in Bihar Museum and those of the post-1764 period are kept at Patna Museum.
Rahul sankrityayan donated 10,000 manuscripts that are written in gold and silver on handmade papers and books on Buddhist philosophy that was once in the library of ancient Nalanda and Vikramshila universities. These manuscripts were taken to Tibet dating back to around 700 years ago before the destruction of these universities. These manuscripts were brought by him. Beginning November 2009, a project was started to build a replacement museum in Patna to enable the display of larger collections.
Timings to Visit
10:00 AM – 4:30 PM, Monday Holiday.
Note: Approximately it will take 3 hours to visit.
Patna Museum Entry Fee
Indians – 50/-, Foreigners – 250/-
Official Website Patna Museum
Official Website Bihar Museum
How to Reach
By Air: Nearest is Jay Prakash Narayan Airport – 6.2kms.
By Train: Nearest is Patna Railway Station – 2.2kms.
By Road: Nearest is Mithapur Busstand – 3.5kms.
Patna Museum, Near Kotwali Thana, Buddha Marg Patna, Bihar 800001, India.
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