The famous Shiva temples in Andhra Pradesh are known as Pancharamas.
The Skanda Purana for the formation of the Pancharamas describes their place as follows.
Formerly a demon named Tarakasuru, he performed great penance for Lord Shiva and acquired the soul sex of Lord Shiva. With this, the gods proudly tortured the gods in various ways, with which the gods prayed to Vishnu and sent their son, Tarakasuru, to battle with Shiva. When pierced that soul sex takes place in five different places. They are then revered by the gods in their respective places.
These five shrines also flourished as monasteries during the Buddhist period. Buddhism was at its peak in India at that time. At that time there were many eminent professors in our Andhra country. These landmarks can also be seen in front of the Kanakadurga Ammavari Temple in Vijayawada.
These are the Pancharamas
- Daksha Ramamu
Daksharama, the first of the Pancharamas, is located in Ramachandrapuram in the East Godavari district.
Here Swami is called Bhimeshwar. Swami Lingakaram is 60 feet high. Worship should be performed from the top floor. The uniqueness of this temple is that the gender is half white and half black.
Dakshaprajapati performed Yagna here. Hence the name Draksharamam. The temple is believed to have been built by the Chalukya king Bhima. In his Bhimeswara Purana, he wrote that in ancient times, many gods and kings were visited by Swami. The sculptures in this temple are magnificent.
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- Amara Ramamu
Amararamam, the second of the Pancharamas, is located on the banks of the Krishna River in Amravati, Guntur district. It is also known as Swami Amareshwar.
The idol in the sanctum sanctorum was scattered after the slaying of Tarakasura and the soul lingam of Lord Shiva was scattered in the throat. This Shiva lingam is made of marble. White looks gorgeous. In the past, this Shiva lingam used to grow slowly every year. Now the growth has stopped.
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- Kshirar Ramamu
Kshiraramam is located in Palakollu in the West Godavari district. The idol of Lord Shiva here is known as Sri Ksheera Ramamu Lingeshwara Swamy.
There is a story that the village got its name from the rulers. When Lord Shiva threw his arrow into the ground, a milky way came out of the ground and the name Kshiram means milk, hence the name Kshirpuri. Swami’s temple was built by the Chalukyas in the 11th century. The temple is 125 feet high and is built with 9 domes.
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- Soma Ramamu
Somarama, the fourth of the Pancharamas, is located at Gunipudi, two kilometers from Bhimavaram in the West Godavari district.
The Swami here calls them Someshwar. There is a specialty here. When the full moon returns, it will return to normal. The moon is worshiped here by the moon.
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- Kumara Bhimaramamu
Kumarabhimarama, the last of the Pancharamas, is located at a distance of 1 km from Samarlakota in the East Godavari district.
The temple was also built by Bhima, the Chalukya king who built Daksharama. The Shivalingam here is made of limestone.
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