Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century. Chronicles left by Persian and European travellers, particularly the Portuguese, say that it was a prosperous, wealthy and grand city near the Tungabhadra River, with numerous temples, farms and trading markets. By 1500 CE, Hampi-Vijayanagara was the world’s second-largest medieval-era city after Beijing, and probably India’s richest at that time, attracting traders from Persia and Portugal. The Vijayanagara Empire was defeated by a coalition of Muslim sultanates; its capital was conquered, pillaged and destroyed by sultanate armies in 1565, after which Hampi remained in ruins.
Hampi predates the Vijayanagara Empire, it is mentioned in the Ramayana and the Puranas of Hinduism as Pampaa Devi Tirtha Kshetra. Hampi continues to be an important religious centre, housing the Virupaksha Temple, an active Adi Shankara-linked monastery and various monuments belonging to the old city. It has been described by UNESCO as an “austere, grandiose site” of more than 1,600 surviving remains of the last great Hindu kingdom in South India that includes “forts, riverside features, royal and sacred complexes, temples, shrines, pillared halls, mandapas, memorial structures, water structures and others”.
Metal hooks on the inside roof can be seen. The elephants were tied to these hooks from the center of the ceiling. At the rear of each hall are small openings for the mahouts to enter the elephant compartments. The open area in front of the building was a parade ground for the elephants. It’s ruins are spread over 4,100 hectares (16 sq mi).
Elephant stable Timings
All week days open. 08:30 AM to 05:30 PM.
Visit Duration: 1 Hour
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Indians: INR 10.00
Foreigners: INR 250.00
Free for Children under the age of 15 years.
How to reach
By Air: Ballari (Bellary) – 64km
By Train: Hospet Railway Station – 10km
By Road: Hampi Bus Station – 3.5km
Elephant Stables, Hampi, Karnataka 583239.
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